Must see sites

KATHMANDU DURBAR SQUARE: Kathmandu city, the most popular place in the kingdom was known as Kantipur in earlier times. In this capital city or in the valley cities nearby a cross a street is to travel backwards in time. Shrines temples, palaces, palace square known as Durbar Square and sculpture have been on display since time immortal. One can see the Living Goddess "KUMARI" (Abode of the virgin Goddess) appear in the person on the balcony of her temple to greet her devotees on certain ceremonial occasion. This in itself presents a sight, which to a tourist appear to be from on outer world. Kathmandu is also known for its pagoda style structures. The tour highlights are Kastamandup temple, the temple made out of a single tree and Durbar Square. All these make these sites an open air museum of monuments. 

CHANGU NARAYAN TEMPLE: It was built in the 3rd century AD and was later restored in 17th century and is renowned for its excellent carvings and statues. This temple is listed as one of the UNESCO’s world heritage sites. There is a small settlement of traditional Newari community. 

 

 

BHAKTAPUR: This ancient city is inhabited predominantly by the Newar community lies east of Kathmandu city. Its Durbar Square is the main architectural showpiece which displays the best example of the ancient building techniques of the Newar people. King Bhupendra Malla was a great King who loved architecture and thus built the famous palace of 55 carved wooden windows and the Nyatapola temple. His bronze statue is placed in the centre of the Durbar square. The town's traditional industries are weaving and pottery besides agriculture which is the principal occupation of the majority of the people. The city which is also known as Bhadgaon plays host to a number of festivals.

 

 

PATAN:  5 Km south of Kathmandu city and across the Bagmati River situates the city of Patan, the home of the fine arts full of Buddhist monuments ,temples and building adorned with elaborate wood carvings and sculptures. It is in this town that world famous brass, bronze and copperware is done by hand. The highlight of the tour are Shikara style Krishna Temple, Hirayanya Varna Mahavihar, the golden roofed Buddhist monastery and Mahaboudha temple, the temple of thousand images of Buddha. Also visit to Industrial district and Tibetan Handicraft center where one can see a live demonstration of carpet weaving by hand. 

 

 

SWOYAMBHUNATH:

Located 4 km northwest of Katmandu on top of a hill is the Buddhist Sanctuary said to be nearly 2000 years old. The hill itself is a pleasant place overlooking the entire valley of Kathmandu. The all seeing eyes of Lord Buddha painted in prominent blue atop the dome are visible from long distances from around the Kathmandu City.

 

 

BAUDHANATH: one of the biggest stupa of the world of its kind. it stands with four pairs of eyes in the four cardinal direction keeping watch for righteous behaviors and human prosperity. This Buddhist stupa was built by King Man Deva at the advice of Goddess Mani Jogini. it is built on the octagonal base inset with prayer wheels. The shrine is ringed by houses of Lamas or Buddhist priests.

 

PASHUPATINATH: On the banks of Bagmati River some 4 miles/ 6km east of Kathmandu city lays the famous Hindu Temple of Pashupatinath dedicated to Lord "Shiva", who is worshipped in the form of a "Lingam". Only the Hindus are allowed to enter into the temple, all others can obtain good view from the northeast banks atop a hill. It is also a place for cremation of dead body.

 

 

CHOVAR:  Chovar gorge which is the only outlet for all the water of the valley. Legend has it that Manjushree, an ancient saint cut the mountain with his magical sword, to drain out the water from the Kathmandu Valley which was then just a lake. There is a small but picturesque temple of Adinath on the top of the hill with a magnificent view of the snow capped peaks. Just beyond the gorge is a temple of lord Ganesh. The main image of the shrine is a massive rock, naturally carved.

 

KRITIPUR: And visit the ancient town of Kirtipur is built on a hill overlooking the KathmanduValley. Kirtipur was once an independent kingdom, and because of its strategic hilltop location, it was the last kingdom conquered by King Prithvi Narayan Shah when he unified Nepal in the late 18th century. Perhaps as a result of Kirtipur's legendary stubbornness, the town has been relatively unaffected by the rapid development that has changed Kathmandu so dramatically in recent years. The town is most interesting simply as a place to catch a glimpse of traditional Nepali culture. The streets are full of activity, as are the farm fields below the town. Strolling through Kirtipur's narrow lanes, you will come across several small temples. Of particular interest is the three-story Bagh Bhairav Mandir, one of the oldest and best-preserved Newar pagodas in the valley  



TM Nepal Tourism Year 2011

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